Lying at the north end of the Persian Gulf, Iraq borders Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey.  Iraq is the birthplace of many of the oldest civilizations and the oldest known writing system, called cuneiform, was developed in Iraq around 3,200 BC.  Iraq’s rivers and marshes are home to many fish, including carp that can grow up to 300 pounds (135 kilograms) and sharks that swim up from the Persian Gulf. iraq