|Papua New Guinea is a heavily forested country just to the south of the equator and has a wet tropical climate with colder temperatures in the mountains. The country is situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire. There are several volcanoes, and eruptions are frequent. Earthquakes are relatively common, sometimes accompanied by tsunamis. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch to preserve them. Papua New Guineans have turned the shortest learning curve in human history into one of the most colorful, and often idiosyncratic, experiments in modernity ever produced by human beings.