|São Tomé and Príncipe, often called just “São Tomé”, is a small island nation off the Atlantic coast of Central Africa, located in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator and west of Gabon. The official language is Portuguese and the other main language is Forro, which is a Portuguese-based creole language. Coca is the main crop and others include copra, palm kernel and coffee. There are no dangerous animals apart from the mosquito, which transmits malaria, the country’s most prevalent disease. São Tomé is home to a large number of birds and plants, including the world’s smallest ibis, the world’s largest sunbird and many giant species of Begonia.